This Oracle error occurred when trying to run a report. The client was trying to use the Oracle function to_date in a custom report. The to_date function converts a string to a date. The function the client was trying to use said:
The solution was to remove the second "MM" and replace it with "MI". MM = Month, not Minute. Use MI for minutes.
The syntax for the to_date function is:
to_date( string1, [ format_mask ], [ nls_language ] )
string1 is the string that will be converted to a date.
format_mask is optional. This is the format that will be used to convert string1 to a date.
nls_language is optional. This is the nls language used to convert string1 to a date.
The following is a list of options for the format_mask parameter. These parameters can be used in many combinations.
|Parameter ||Explanation |
|YEAR ||Year, spelled out |
|YYYY ||4-digit year |
|Last 3, 2, or 1 digit(s) of year. |
|Last 3, 2, or 1 digit(s) of ISO year. |
|IYYY ||4-digit year based on the ISO standard |
|RRRR ||Accepts a 2-digit year and returns a 4-digit year. |
A value between 0-49 will return a 20xx year.
A value between 50-99 will return a 19xx year.
|Q ||Quarter of year (1, 2, 3, 4; JAN-MAR = 1). |
|MM ||Month (01-12; JAN = 01). |
|MON ||Abbreviated name of month. |
|MONTH ||Name of month, padded with blanks to length of 9 characters. |
|RM ||Roman numeral month (I-XII; JAN = I). |
|WW ||Week of year (1-53) where week 1 starts on the first day of the year and continues to the seventh day of the year. |
|W ||Week of month (1-5) where week 1 starts on the first day of the month and ends on the seventh. |
|IW ||Week of year (1-52 or 1-53) based on the ISO standard. |
|D ||Day of week (1-7). |
|DAY ||Name of day. |
|DD ||Day of month (1-31). |
|DDD ||Day of year (1-366). |
|DY ||Abbreviated name of day. |
|J ||Julian day; the number of days since January 1, 4712 BC . |
|HH ||Hour of day (1-12). |
|HH12 ||Hour of day (1-12). |
|HH24 ||Hour of day (0-23). |
|MI ||Minute (0-59). |
|SS ||Second (0-59). |
|SSSSS ||Seconds past midnight (0-86399). |
|FF ||Fractional seconds. Use a value from 1 to 9 after FF to indicate the number of digits in the fractional seconds. For example, 'FF4'. |
|AM, A.M., PM, or P.M. ||Meridian indicator |
|AD or A.D ||AD indicator |
|BC or B.C. ||BC indicator |
|TZD ||Daylight savings information. For example, 'PST' |
|TZH ||Time zone hour. |
|TZM ||Time zone minute. |
|TZR ||Time zone region. |